In a large bowl, whisk together flour, baking soda, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, and salt. Set aside.
In a standing mixer fit with the paddle attachment on medium speed, or with an electric mixer, beat butter, brown sugar, and shortening until smooth. Add molasses and egg and beat until combined.
Reduce speed to low and gradually add flour mixture. Cover and chill at least 2 hours or up to 3 days in advance.
Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Line 2 baking sheets with parchment paper or silicone mats. Place sugar in a shallow dish for rolling.
Roll dough into 1 1/2-inch balls, toss in sugar, and arrange at least 2 inches apart on prepared baking sheets. Flatten with a glass.
Bake until the edges are set, about 8 to 12 minutes. Transfer to wire racks and cool completely.